hiya I'm so sorry I hate to tease you.
I am so busy today... I won't leave you hanging long
ok here i am again, sorry. Too many projects, not enough time.
Let's stop for a moment and talk about scales and chords and how you know when to use which one.
You have no doubt heard the word "key" as in this song is in the key of C.
Let us say that all of "western civilized" music is based on the major scale “do,re,me,fa,so,la,ti,do.” Most songs use a single scale to define the “key.” So a song that we call “in the key of C” uses notes and chords made up of notes of the C major scale. Therefore each chord in the song needs to be made of notes that belong to that scale. Now music isn’t that restrictive you can play whatever you want really, but to sound good to the average listener you will find yourself playing by the rules even if you don’t know what they are. Stick with me. This is confusing.
Let’s use the key of C
number them 12345678
now you need to understand that
the scale is built using a step step halfstep step step step halfstep
That is why the key of c has not sharps or flats.
If you look at a piano keyboard and start on C the pattern of black keys fits in between all the steps. Playing all the white keys is the key of C.
the major chords are built using the 1,3,5 notes of the major scale for the chord you want
the minor chords are built using the same notes but they lower or “flat” the 3 note.
For instance look at an A chord in the second fret where all your fingers are in a row.
To make it an Aminor you place your first finger on the C (secondstring 1st fret, lowering the C# to a C)
So you can see and hear how this half step makes a huge difference in sound.
Back to the C scale.
For each note of the scale there is an associated chord made up of the notes of the scale.
If you were to write out a major scale for each scale note and check the 1,3 and 5th notes you would then know which chords are major and which are minor. You would use the chord version that uses only the notes of the original scale C. If you write it all out you will find the the 7th tone’s scale needs 2 notes lowered the 3 and 5 to stay within the original scale.
You can do the work or just learn that it is an order of chords that works with every major scale. M m m M M m mb5 M
Major, Minor, Minor, Major, Majo,r Minor, Minor.with a flatted5, Major
Or in this case
C Dm Em F G Am BmB5 C
Ok, this is boring let’s play some blues.
Notice the first the fourth and the fifth chords are all MAJOR chords
Ever hear the term one/four/five or I, IV, V
the standard 12 bar blues uses this pattern of chords BECAUSE they are all major chords.
Now, write out the notes for a C blues scale and in the next post we will begin to understand how this all makes sense.
just so I know that we are talking about the same thing here, an example of a 12 bar blues pattern using major chords here is a youtube video of my song I Hate the Blues, just for fun.
I play it in A fifthfret on my 12 string, which is tuned down a whole step so if you want to play with me you would need to play in the key of B but the pattern would be the same.
4counts of four on the onechord
2 counts of four on the fourchord
2 counts of four on the one
1 on the 5
1 on the 4
1 on the 1
1 on the 5
add up that first column and you get 12 bars